Hanukkah in the Bible

John 10:22, “At that time the Feast of Dedication took place at Jerusalem…”

“The Feast of Dedication was a ceremony of great importance to the Jewish people. Its origin stems from the dedication of the temple after it was desecrated by Antiochus IV Epiphanes…who also brought severe persecution upon the Jews. A number of years later, a priest named Mattathias led a revolt. This revolt was continued by his son Maccabeus and brought the persecution to an end. Following this victory, the temple in Jerusalem was cleansed and a ceremony was held to mark its rededication. Jewish tradition records that the oil lamps that were lit as part of this celebration had only one days supply of oil but burned for eight days. The annual feast that celebrated this event or miracle was marked by the lighting of candles and the chanting of the Hallel (Ps. 113-118), as well as the waving of palm branches.” ESV Hebrew-Greek Study Bible Notes

“Antiochus’s atrocities were aimed at the eradication of the Jewish religion. He prohibited some of the central elements of Jewish practice, (Laws were enforced banning circumcision.), attempted to destroy all copies of the Torah (the Pentateuch) and required offerings to the Greek god Zeus. His crowning outrage was the erection of a statue of Zeus and the sacrificing of a pig in the Jerusalem temple itself.” NIV Study Bible Notes, pages 1570, 1573